Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of blindness in the United States and affects an estimated three million people. To avoid long-term vision problems, early intervention is critical. At Eye Associates of Orange County, Dr. Omar Krad provides expert glaucoma analysis and treatment, allowing his patients in Mission Viejo, California, to safeguard their eyesight for years to come. To learn more, call or use the online scheduling tool to book an appointment.
Glaucoma isn’t one single disease, but rather a group of conditions that causes damage to your optic nerve. The two main forms of glaucoma are:
This is the most common type of glaucoma and occurs when your eyes don’t drain properly, causing fluid to build up and damage your optic nerve. The reason your eyes don’t drain correctly is that the angle between your iris and cornea remains open, but the drainage area — which is controlled by your trabecular meshwork — is partially clogged. This type of glaucoma comes on gradually.
This is an acute version of glaucoma where your iris blocks the drainage, causing a sudden rise in pressure within your eye. This condition can be acute and painful and requires immediate medical attention.
Glaucoma can also affect children who are born with a structural problem that prevents their eyes from draining as they should.
Open-angle glaucoma is tricky because the symptoms come on very slowly and they often go unnoticed until after the condition has already damaged your optic nerve, which is why regular eye exams at Eye Associates of Orange County are so important. During these exams, Dr. Krad measures the intraocular pressure in your eyes to determine whether glaucoma is present.
When symptoms do start to crop up, you may experience patchy spots in your vision and increasing tunnel vision. It’s important to note that these symptoms indicate that your glaucoma has advanced and your optic nerve has been irreversibly damaged.
With angle-closure glaucoma, the symptoms are readily evident because of the onset of acute and severe pain in your eyes.
If Dr. Krad and his team find that you’re in the early stages of glaucoma, the good news is that they can perform minimally invasive glaucoma surgery to arrest the condition and preserve your optic nerve. Depending upon your condition, Dr. Krad may use a laser technique to open up your trabecular meshwork or he may perform a trabeculoplasty to create a new opening that allows your eyes to drain. In another minimally invasive procedure, Dr. Krad may opt to insert drainage tubes into your eyes.
Ultimately, your treatment plan depends upon your unique situation and how far along your glaucoma has advanced. Rest assured that Dr. Krad offers the latest tools and techniques to help safeguard your vision.
For expert glaucoma care, call Eye Associates of Orange County or use the online scheduling tool to book an appointment.